Schima Wallichii

Welcome to Shivapuri Nagarjun National Park. The Park named after Shivapuri Peak of 2,732 m (8,963 ft) altitude is situated on the northern fringe of Kathmandu valley, Nepal and was established in 2002, covering 159 sq km.

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Schima wallichii is an evergreen tree belonging to the tea family Theaceae. It’s scientific name is Schima wallichii .It is also known as the needlewood tree. (चिलाउने )

Chinese guger tree (Schima superba) grows very tall in the wild but when commercially cultivated for its glossy leaves and attractive white flowers, it is typically a more garden-friendly size. This tree has been found to have great potential to help reforest degraded shrublands because it grows particularly well with surrounding shrubs. They have showy, fragrant white flowers, one and a half to two and a half inches (four to six centimeters) in diameter, with five petals and numerous yellow stamens. These appear on short pedicels in the terminal axils of the spring growth and are accompanied by a flush of delicate, shiny red new leaves.

Schima grows in moist and dry evergreen as well as in mixed deciduous forests. Schima has a fast growth even under infertile soil conditions. Flowering is in April-May and fruiting is in February-March. The main value of Schima is its hard and durable timber. Schima timber is used for fence posts and beams and boards for house construction. Schima wood is little used for fuel because the bark causes irritation . Decoction of bark is useful in curing fever and is effective against head lice. The bark juice is used in animals for disinfecting from liver flukes .

Fruit is brown when ripe (1.5 – 2 cm diameter) and splits open into 5 parts where each locule contains 2 winged seeds. It is found in grassland, scrubs, swamp forest and rainforest, up 2500m altitude. It can be propagated by seeds. Dried fruit and seeds can be stored up to 3 months.